Area & Location: The Republic of Yemen lies in the South of Arabia
(The Arabian Peninsula), south-west of Asia, between
latitudes 12 and 20 degrees to the north of the
equator, and between longitudes 41and 54 degrees
to the south of Greenwich, bordered on the north
by Saudi Arabia, on the south by the Arab Sea
and the Gulf of Aden, on the east by the Sultanate
of Oman and on the west by the Red Sea.
The area of the Republic of Yemen exceeds 555,000
km. excluding the Empty Quarter.
(July 1995 est.)
Population growth rate: 4.02% (1995 est.)
Birth rate: 44.85 births/1,000 population (1995
Death rate: 8.01 deaths/1,000 population (1995
Religion: Islam is the official
religion and is the religion of the majority of
the population except for a Jewish minority.
is the official language of the country, with
English being the most widely used second language.
The Yemen currency is the Yemen Rial consisting
of l00 fils, it is issued in bank notes and coins.
Bank notes are available in denominations of 1000,
500, 200, l00, 50, 20,10, and l Yemeni Rials.
Coins come in denominations of l0, 5 and 1 Yemeni
+ 3 hrs.
Electricity: 220 Volts, 50-60
All About Yemen - Video
A Beautiful Video About Yemen
Yemen, country in the Middle East, occupying the southwestern corner of the Arabian Peninsula (Arabia). Tall mountains divide Yemen's coastal stretches from a desolate desert interior. Yemen is sparsely populated - half of the country is uninhabitable - and its Arab people are largely rural. The site of several prosperous civilizations in ancient times, Yemen declined in importance and was a poor and forgotten land for more than a thousand years. The discovery of oil in the area in the late 20th century held out the prospect of economic development and an easier life for the people of Yemen.
The Republic of Yemen is divided into five regions:
The Yemen Islands
1. Mountain region with heights ranging
between 1000-3760m. high
The western mountain range represent a large area
of the country. It is the range called Al-Surat
mountains stretching longitudinally from the north
to the south and transversally from the west to
the east which resembles the letter "L".
These heights go down in different directions.
They descend sharply westwards to the Red Sea,
southwards to the Gulf of Aden, and eastwards
and northwards to the interior desert areas. In
the mountain heights, stretching from the north
to the south, there are a number of basins (beds),
of considerable agricultural importance with large
populations, such as Sana'a basin, Yarim basin,
Jahran flatland, Sa'da flatland, Alboun flatland,
Aqwat Hadhramout bed and Si'aith bed in Mahara.
The most prominent mountains in these heights
are the mountains of Attaq, Bayhan, Mukairas,
Al-Dhalie', Yafie', Sabra, Hudhour Alsheikh, Miswar
and Prophet Shu'aib which at 3766m above sea level
is the highest mountain in Arabia.
2. The Highland Region
This area lies to the east and north of the mountainous
heights going in parallel to the heights towards
the Empty Quarter. The maximum height of this
area is 1000m gradually descending. Such area
is represented by the highlands in Sana'a, Al
Jouf, Shabwa, Hadhramout and Mahara. The out-
skirts of this area in the north overlap with
the Empty Quarter.
3. The Coastal Area
This area includes the coastal plains overlooking
the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea. They
are connected to each other forming a coastal
strip that extends from the Oman border south-
westward to Bab Al-Mandab. This strip then changes
its direction northward to the borders of Saudi
Arabia, thus making it more than 2400km. long.
The width of the plains range from 30 to 60 km.
4. The Empty Quarter
This is a Yemeni desert area located to the north
of Hadhramout highlands, and to the south of the
western heights. This area consists of desert
plains covered with gravel, sand and sandy dunes
in Volving in some parts desert plants and vast
oases, that were formed due to the collection
of the seasonal water. It is inhabited by the
wandering nomads because of its pastoral land.
5. The Yemeni Islands
This part of the country consists of islands scattered
along the coasts of Yemen. There are 120 islands,
most of which are located in the Red Sea. The
biggest islands are Kamaran, Greater Hunaish,
Minor Hunaish, the rest of Archipelago, Zaqar,
Zubair, AL-Tayr and the strategic island of Meon
at the Bab AI-Mandeb. In addition there are islands
located in the Gulf of Aden and thc Arabian Sea,
the largest of which is Soqatra.
The Land of Dreams, Socotra Island (Yemen) - Video
A Majestic Video About the Socotra Island off the Coast of Yemen.
Socotra Island, Yemen, The Land of Dreams Socotra Island (Yemen) Dreamland
Yemen is endowed with a varied topography, the
climate, in general, also varies, although there
are no major seasonal differences. We can say
there are two long seasons: summer and winter
During summer, the temperature and humidity are
high in the coastal areas, while the climate is
moderate during winter. From time to time the
rainfall, due to the monsoon, moderates the temperature
over the coastal areas in summer. In the mountain
areas, the weather is moderate in summer and cold
in winter during the night and in the early morning,
but the bright sun rays raise the temperature
during the day making the weather very moderate
in these parts of the country.
Administrative Divisions: 17
governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah);
Abyan, 'Adan, Al Bayda', Al Hudaydah, Al Jawf,
Al Mahrah, Al Mahwit, 'Ataq, Dhamar, Hadhramawt,
Hajjah, Ibb, Lahij, Ma'rib, Sa'dah, San'a', Ta'izz
Note: there may be three more governorates: Al
Daleh, Shabwah, and the capital city of Sana'a
Independence: 22 May 1990,
Republic of Yemen was established with the merger
of the Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North
Yemen] and the Marxist-dominated People's Democratic
Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen];
previously North Yemen had become independent
on NA November 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire)
and South Yemen had become independent on 30 November
1967 (from the UK)
National Holiday: Unification
Day, 22 May (1990)
Executive Branch: chief of
state: President Field Marshall Ali Abdallah SALIH
(since 22 May 1990, the former president of North
Yemen, assumed office upon the merger of North
and South Yemen); Vice President Maj. Gen. Abd
al-Rab Mansur al-HADI (since 3 October 1994)
Head of Government: Prime Minister
Abd al-Qadir BA JAMAL (since 4 April 2001)
Elections: president elected
by direct, popular vote for a five-year term (a
new constitution amendment extends the term by
two years to a seven-year term); election last
held 23 September 1999 (next to be held NA 2006);
vice president appointed by the president; prime
minister and deputy prime ministers appointed
by the president.
Flag Description: three equal
horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black;
similar to the flag of Syria which has two green
stars and of Iraq which has three green stars
(plus an Arabic inscription) in a horizontal line
centered in the white band; also similar to the
flag of Egypt which has a heraldic eagle centered
in the white band.
The state religion of Yemen is Islam. The essence
of Islam is the belief that there is only one
God, and that it is the people's duty to believe
in and serve Him in the manner that is laid out
in the Quran. In Arabic, islam means submission
and a muslim is one who submits to God's will.
Yemeni Muslims are mainly divided betwen the Shafia
Sunni sect and the Zaydi Shiia sect.
Qat chow-downs are the oil that lubricates Yemen's
political wheels, and if you're not in on them
you're out in the cold. Qat chews are spontaneous
afternoon house parties where Yemeni men gather
to chew the leaves of the qat plant and have a
bit of a gossip. If you want to join in, you'll
have to be invited (this shouldn't be hard if
you're a guy - Yemeni men will often stop you
and ask 'do you chew?') and you should bring your
own leaves - you can pick up a bunch in most markets.
Qat is a mild stimulant, chemically unlike any
other drug. It will probably make you lively and
chatty, although after a while you'll probably
become mellow and contemplative. It's non-addictive
and has no major side-effects, although long term
use can give you chronic constipation.
Yemeni architecture is unique. Buildings in the
highlands are particularly striking - multistorey
tower houses made from stone, brick or mud which
wouldn't look out of place in a northern England
housing development. Some of these houses are
five or six stories high, with an extended family
living in each house. The bottom floor is for
animals, the next floor up is the diwan (a reception
room for guests), the top floors are bedroooms
and a kitchen, and the top floor is the mafraj
- the room with a view, where the man of the house
holds his qat parties.
Lunch is the main meal of the day in Yemen. Yemenis
eat using their fingers or piece of bread - knives
and forks are rare. Although you'll find kebabs
(skewered, grilled meat) everywhere, the national
dish is salta, a fiery stew of lamb or chicken
with lentils, beans, chickpeas, coriander and
spices served on rice. The mainstay of most Yemeni
kitchens is shurba, a cross between a soup and
a stew which can have a base of lentils, lamb
or fenugreek. The everyday drink is shay, or tea,
which is drunk from small glasses and may be served
with mint. Coffee is harder to find, but worth
it: it's flavoured with ginger or other spices,
and served sweet. Because Yemen is a strict Islamic
country, alcohol is illegal.
operates an ETACS cellular mobile telephone service
which covers the major centrrs of population in
Yemen. Exchanges in Sana'a, Aden and Mukalla provide
services to these cities, together with Dhamar,
Ibb, Taiz, Hodeidah, Seyioun, Shahr, Al-Qatn and
Although there is no international roaming, TeleYemen
mobile customers may use their cellular telephones
to make International Calls to almost anywhere
in the world.
the Yemen internet, gives the customer the access
to the Internet services, and he/she will be linked
to millions of computer users around the world
. You have instant access to the world of information
TeleYemen offers a fully automatic telex
service within Yemen and to most of the countries
in the world. For the few countries which can
not automatically accessed, TeleYemen Telex Operator
Assistance will complete the connection.