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 Study in Lebanon - About Lebanon





General Information

Area: 10.452 sq km (4.076 miles)

Population: 4.0 million inhabitants

Capital: Beirut

Independence: November 22, 1943 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration).

Ethnicity/Race: Arabs, Armenians and others.

Language: The official language is Arabic, followed by French as the second language; English is widely spoken. Kurdish and Armenian are spoken by a small percentage of the population.

Map of Lebanon
Courtesy of Google Maps

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Currency: Lebanese Pound (L) = 100 piastres. Notes are in denominations of L100,000, 50,000, 20,000, 10,000, 5000, 1000, 500, 250 and 100. Coins are in denominations of L500.

Religion: Within this country live 18 different religions and confessions; but most adopted religions are Christianity and Islam.

Time: GMT + 2 (GMT + 3 from April to September).

Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz.


Geography: Lebanon lies to the east of the Mediterranean, sharing borders to the north and east with Syria, and to the south with Israel. It is a mountainous country and between the two mountain ranges of Jebel Lubnan (Mount Lebanon), Mount Hermon and the Anti-Lebanon range lies the fertile Bekaa Valley. Approximately half of the country lies at an altitude of over 900m (3000ft). Into this small country is packed such a variety of scenery that there are few places to equal it in beauty and choice. The famous cedar trees grow high in the mountains, while the lower slopes bear grapes, apricots, plums, peaches, figs, olives and barley, often on terraces painstakingly cut out from the mountainsides. On the coastal plain, citrus fruit, bananas and vegetables are cultivated, with radishes and beans grown in tiny patches

Climate: Lebanon is one of the smallest countries of the Middle East, and the change in nature is not connected to geographical distances, but altitudes. Lebanon is historically defined from the mountains, which have provided for protection for the local population.
While some areas can be arid, the valleys between the mountains are green.

Most of the population is live along the coast, living primarily of fishing, agriculture and trade.


Government Structure: Lebanon is a parliamentary democratic republic; it gained its independence in 1943. It has a parliamentary system of government and a cabinet headed by a prime minister. The constitution is based on the separation of the executive, legislative and judiciary authorities. The President is elected for six years by the Parliament. The 128 deputies are elected by universal adult suffrage for a four year term

Head of State:

Head of Government:

Heritage and Culture

Heritage and Traditions of Lebanon:

Lebanon is host to the Baalbeck International Festival, an annual music fest. At one time, international opera, ballet, symphony and drama companies worldwide performed in Beirut. Some Lebanese artists are active in European opera and theater companies, while others are trying to create a wider audience for classical Arabic music and theater. Dabkah (the national dance) and zajal (folk poetry) are enjoying a revival.

Lebanon ... 365 Days of Tourism - Video

A Wonderful Video About Lebanon (In Arabic)

Commercial by the Lebanese Ministry of Tourism


Telephone: IDD is available. Country code: 961. Outgoing international code: 00. Cellular phones are widely used and are available for hire to visitors.

Mobile telephone: GSM 900 network in use. Network providers are Libancell (website: and Cellis (website:

Fax: International facilities available. Faxes can be sent from centrales (state telephone bureaux) in major towns and from most hotels (who often add 25 per cent to the official rates).

Internet: The main ISPs are Cyberia (website: and IDM (website: There are Internet cafes in Beirut, Tripoli and most major towns.

Post: With the newly privatised LibanPost, post to Europe usually takes two to four days and to the USA between four to seven days. Post offices are open Mon-Thurs 0800-1400, Fri 0800-1100.

Press: There are more than 30 daily newspapers published in Arabic, Armenian and French and over 100 publications appear on a weekly or monthly basis. The Daily Star and Beirut Times are published in English and there are several English-language weeklies, primarily Monday Morning. The best-selling Arabic dailies are Al Anwar, An Nahar, Al Liwa, Al Safir and Al Dyar. The most important dailies in French are LOrient-Le Jour and Le Soir. A wide choice of international newspapers and magazines are also available.

Radio Stations: BBC World Service (website: From time to time the frequencies change and the most up-to-date can be found online

Television: A wide range of Arabic, English and other language TV stations are available in Lebanon.

Satellite TV: Star TV, Orbit, E-Vision and Showtime are some of the most popular networks available.


Sources: Lebanese Republic



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