Nearly four times the size of Texas, Algeria is
bordered on the west by Morocco and Western Sahara
and on the east by Tunisia and Libya. To the south
are Mauritania, Mali, and Niger. The Saharan region,
which is 85% of the country, is almost completely
uninhabited. The highest point is Mount Tahat
in the Sahara, which rises 9,850 ft (3,000 m).
arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot,
dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters
and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a
hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in
After a century of rule by France, Algeria
became independent in 1962. The surprising first
round success of the fundamentalist FIS (Islamic
Salvation Front) party in December 1991 balloting
caused the army to intervene, crack down on the
FIS, and postpone the subsequent elections. The
FIS response has resulted in a continuous a civil
conflict with the secular state apparatus, which
nonetheless has allowed a multi-party political
system and the formation of political parties.
FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army,
dissolved itself in January 2000 and many armed
insurgents surrendered under an amnesty program
designed to promote national reconciliation. Nevertheless,
the state of unrest and violence continued in
some areas. Abdul Aziz Boutafliqa was elected
president of the republic in November 1999.
Algeria holds a singular place for Arab culture
as a region in which the musical traditions of
Islamic Spain, the Ottoman Empire, the eastern
Arab countries (the Mashriq), Saharan and West
Africa, Berbers, Bedouin and Europe have all interacted
to various degrees. Morocco to the west was never
as directly exposed to Ottoman and eastern Arab
musical traditions; Tunisia and Libya to the east
have had far less contact with sub-Saharan and
West African musics and far more direct contact
with the musics of their eastern neighbors.
Algeria - Introduction to World Cultures and Customs
An Educational Video on Algeria (Video has English Explanations)
Algeria - Introduction to World Cultures and Customs Produced by: Ashan Pushpakumara Perera, American National College
To simplify this complex musical landscape to
some degree, the many distinct musical traditions
of Algeria can be roughly divided into five groups:
Urban popular traditions
Arabic-language folk traditions
and Saharan traditions
the modern rai, or
Gasba Chaqui - Dance Chaoui - Musique Chaqui
A Wonderful Video showing Traditional Musical Folklore
Tiré d'un film du début des années 80, l'histoire est celle d'un homme qui est devenu fou parce que la femme qu'il aimait est morte en voulant s'enfuir d'un mariage forcé. Ce film fait une synthèse de beaucoup d'éléments folklorique de la culture auressienne, chaoui ( tradition, danse, musique, chant).
From a filmof theearly '80s,thestory is abouta man whoismadbecausethe woman he loveddied whiletryingto escapea forced marriage. This film isa synthesisof many elementsoffolkculture of Chaoui(tradition, dance, music, singing).
Maghrebin (Algerian) Traditional Dressesv - Video
A Delightful Video Showing Beautiful Traditional Maghrebin (Algerian) Dresses
Maghrebin (Algerian) Traditional dresses (old and modern styles)
assessment: telephone density in Algeria is very
low, not exceeding five telephones per 100 persons;
the number of fixed main lines increased in the
last few years to a little more than 2,000,000,
but only about two-thirds of these have subscribers;
much of the infrastructure is outdated and inefficien
fax numbers are dialled in precisely the same
way as telephone numbers.
More and more Algerian companies have fax machines
(much communication is still done by telex).
and internet facilities are now available in Algiers
and other main towns.
Post: There is
a letter delivery service from Saturday to Thursday.
Parcels sent by the surface route may take up
to two months to reach Algeria. For this reason
exporters are advised to despatch all mail by
air. All parcels, including those containing literature
and samples, whether sent by air or by the surface
route, are subject to long delays in customs.