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Study in Bahrain - ABOUT BAHRAIN




General Information

Area: The total area of Bahrain is about 620 sq. km (with a total of 33 islands)

Population: 645,361
Includes 228,424 non-nationals (July 2001 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.73% (2001 est.)
Population Density: 8,072 per 1000h

Capital: Manama (Captial of Arab Culture 2012)

Independence: 15 August 1971 (from UK)

Ethnicity/Race: Bahraini 63%, other Arab 10%, Asian 19%, Iranian 8%,other 6%.

Map of Bahrain
Courtesy of Google Maps

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Language: Arabic is the official language of Bahrain. Other languages spoken are English, Farsi and Urdu.

Currency: Bahrain currency is called Dinar (BHD). Money can be changed easily at any commercial bank or at one of the money changers found in the Soukh. There are no restrictions on the import and export of currency. The Bahraini Dinar is linked with the US dollar at US$ 1= BD 0.375 and is divided into 1000 fils.

Religion: Islam is practised by 85 percent of the population. However, Bahrain being an extremely tolerant society allows freedom of worship to a number of other faiths including Hinduism, Parseeism, Judaism, Budhism, and Christianity. There are a variety of places of worship available on the island, including both Anglican and Catholic churches.

Time: GMT + 3.

Electricity: The electricity supply in Bahrain is 230 volts, 50 Hz except in Awali where it is 110 volts, 60 Hz. Bahrain uses 3-pin power outlets.



Bahrain is an archipelago of 33 islands, with a total land area in excess of 700sq. kms. Its name is derived from two Arabic words "thnain Bahr" meaning "two seas" and refers to the phenomenon of sweet water springs under the sea which mingle with the salty water.

This phenomenon is believed to be responsible for the unusual luster of Bahrain's natural pearls, the country's major economy before the advent of oil. In addition, the land was once blessed with a remarkable number of natural springs, which irrigated the fertile north and western belts for centuries.

The central area is low lying and barren limestone rock covered with saline sand, which supports only hardiest desert vegetation. The highest point of Bahrain is the Jabel Dukhan, 134 meters above the sea level. The majority of Bahrain's oil wells are in this area.

The country offers a fascinating blend of eastern and western cultures as high rise buildings vie for space with more traditional dwellings and ancient traditions and historical sites mix with modern developments and cosmopolitan living. Bahrain's population of around 600,000 consists of a significant percentage of expatriates from all over the world. Locals and expatriates live together and interact in a rare bond of fraternity and brotherhood. Such charms, along with an excellent network of hotels, apartments and restaurants, attract an increasing number of regional and international tourists.


The climate is hot in summer and mild in winter.

From November to April is very pleasant, with temperatures from 15 to 24 degrees centigrade.

Temperatures are coolest between December and March when northerly winds prevail.

From July to September temperatures average 36 degrees centigrade with high humidity.

The annual average rainfall is approximately 77 millimetres.


There is a variety of animal life living on the island in the lush vegetation of the date palm groves and the stark desert landscape.

Bahrain is a flat, sandy archipelago consists of 33 islands in the Arab Gulf between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

Bahrain has the same environmental problems that are characteristic of all the Gulf countries.

The need to industrialize the country led to the occupation of what few fertile lands in the northern part of the main island.




Government Structure

H.H. The Amir, Shaikh Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa, came to power on the 6th of march 1999, following the path of the late Amir. His Highness the Amir Shaikh Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa has continued in steering the country towards prosperity, glory and success. Evidence of the achievement are found in every sector of the economy and is a source of pride and inspiration.

The country is widely respected by the international community for its progressive policies and programmes, thanks to the judicious leadership of His Highness and his wise government, led by His Highness Shaikh Khalifa Bin Sulman Al Khalifa, the Prime Minister and the continuous support of His Highness Shaikh Sulman Bin Hamad Al Khalifa the Crown Prince and Commander-in-Chief of the Bahrain Defence Force. Apart from providing a stable government, it has been an active policy to encourage foreign investment and support private enterprise.

Bahrain became a member of the United Nations and the Arab League in 1971. In 1981 it joined its five neighbours - Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar - to form the strategic alliance called the Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC).

Bahrain has an independent legal and judicial system with a framework of commercial laws and, on this strength and its well developed infrastructure, has become an international and GCC arbitration centre.

Head of State

Amir Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (since 6 March 1999); Heir Apparent Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad (son of the monarch, born 21 October 1969).

Head of Government

Prime Minister Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa (since NA 1971).


Heritage and Culture

Heritage and Traditions of Bahrain

Male traditional dress consists of a or full length coat, made of dark wool in the winter and white cotton during the summer. Beneath this is worn the serwaal, which are rather like pair of cotton pyjama trousers.A light woolen cloak, or bisht, of beige or black and usually edged with gold embroidery, is worn on more formal occasions. The headdress comprises a crocheted cap, or ghafeyah, on top of which is worn a ghutrah, or scarf, held in place with an agaal,a black wool headband.

The drinking of coffee is a traditional part of Bahrain welcome, and begins with the preparation of the coffee itself. Three cupfuls of vaster and a rounded teaspoon of coffee (gahwa) are poured into a saucepan and then boiled for about two minutes. Next comes the "relaxation" process, which is very important, as it allows time for the traditional exchange of greetings and welcome. After adding cardamom and saffron in rosewater, the liquid is poured gently from the saucepan into the coffeepot, or dalla, taking care that the sediment remains in the pan. The coffee is then left to brew for five or ten minutes before being served in a small cup, or finjan. It is polite to accept a second cup if offered, but for third and subsequent helpings, the shaking of the cup from side to side indicates refusal. Coffeepots can be found in many shops on the island, as well as in the soukhs. They make an ideal reminder for the hospitality and welcome extended to visitors by the people of Bahrain.


Bahrain - Small but Beautiful - Video

A Enlightening Video About Bahrain (Video in English)

Video courtesy of Ministry of Culture and Information, Department of Culture, Website:



Bahrain Telecommunications Company (Batelco) is in charge of all the telecommunication services within the country. The telephone system in Bahrain has been recently fully digitalised The region's first Earth Satellite Station was established in Bahrain. Credit card calls and reverse charge calls can be made to a number of countries. Public telephones now take new 100 coins and telephone cards. Telephone cards are available in most cold stores. Mobile phones may be rented from Batelco on a daily, weekly or monthly basis. For further information contact Batelco: 885555. (

BateIco operates a number of telephone information lines providing regularly updated information on a range of topics like: News line 268912, Recipe line 268300, Sports line268222, Video line 268888, Weather line 268700 Health line 268914, Tourist line 268444, Speaking clock 140 AT&T offers USA Direct Service from Bahrain on 800-001.


FaxPlus is provided by Batelco.It is a package for fax customers which ensures that customers get the very best usage from their fax line and fax machine.


Internet cafes provide public access to Internet and e-mail services.


The Central Post Office is situated in Manama opposite Bab AI Bahrain, open Saturday - Thursday, 07:00 - 19:30 (contact number: 225782). There are several branches of the post office spread throughout the island. Most of Bahrain's mail is delivered to private boxes which are available at the main post offices. Home deliveries are also made directly to the location address of your office or residence as long as the building number, road number, and block number are clearly displayed on the envelope.


Bahrain has four daily newspapers - two in Arabic (Akhbar Al Khaleej and Al Ayam) and two in English (Gulf Daily News and Bahrain Tribune.) A number of Arabic and English language business magazines are published locally. The two main UAE English papers also are circulated in Bahrain. International newspapers, magazines and publications are widely available.

Radio Stations

Radio Bahrain is on the air 24 hours on several FM and MW frequencies.

GENERAL PROGRAMME (Round the Clock) (MW 801 KHz, 1458 KHz AND SW 9746 KHz AND FM 90.9 MHz), Second Programme (MW 612 KHz, 1521 KHz AND FM 93.3 MHz), Holy Quran Programme (MW 612 KHz.), The Sports Service (FM 93.3 MHz), RADIO BAHRAIN (Round the Clock) (FM 96.5 MHz AND 101 MHz STEREO, MHz 1584 KHz, SW 6010 KHz.).


Bahrain has four terrestrial television channels, two broadcast in English and two in Arabic.

Bahrain 57: 24 hours BBC World Service
Bahrain 4: 24 hours Arabic programmes
Bahrain 44: 24 hours Arabic Programmes
Broadcasts from other GCC countries can be received, atmospheric conditions permitting.

Bahrain offers a satellite cable network facility featuring the Star TV channels as well as CNN on an annual subscription basis Radio Bahrain broadcasts in English 24 hours day on 96.5 and 101 FM serving a diet of mostly contemporary music interspersed with features and occasionally comedy programmes from England. Bahrain Broadcasting Service transmits in Arabic on 612 and 801 KHz VHF from 0600 - 2400.


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