Quranic schools (Kuttab) were the only form of
education in Bahrain at the beginning of this
century. They are traditional schools aimed at
teaching children and youth the reading of the
Many people of Bahrain had felt that this type
of education did not fulfil the academic efficiency
that match with the spirit of age. After the First
World War, things have been changed and Bahrain
became widely open upon the modern western renaissance.
Political and social changes have occurred in
the country that caused the rise of social and
cultural awareness among people.
Due to all these, a demand for modern educational
institutions different from (Kuttab) has appeared
in terms of system, curricula and objectives.
Before 1919, a number of prominent citizens in
Muharraq Island had discussed and agreed to establish
a modern formal school. A number of the Royal
people (Shaikhs) has endorsed this call and contributed
for this project.
1919 marked the beginning of modern public school
system in Bahrain. Al-Hidaya Al-Khalifia school
for boys was opened at the northern tip of Muharraq.
The first Committee of Education consisted of
several leading merchants and was presided over
by the late Shaikh Abdulla bin Isa Al-Khalifa
who was popularly known as 'the Minister of Education'.
He was also responsible for the management of
In 1926, the Education Committee has opened the
second public school for boys at Manama.
In 1928 the first public school for girls was
opened at Muharraq.
Due to the financial and administrative difficulty
faces by the Education Committee, the schools
came under the direct control of the government